Wednesday, March 30, 2016

Types of Mesothelioma Treatment

Mesothelioma treatment seems to be the biggest opportunity for patients to survive and live longer. It comes in three major types, namely radiation, chemotherapy, and surgery. However patients would not do these three types of treatment. Doctors will give a particular treatment based on the diagnosis, stage and types of asbestos cancer patients are suffering from. But, on the other hand, the combination of surgery, radiation and chemotherapy are allowed to do if cancer in a patient’s body has not yet broadened. The combination is named multimodal therapy. Cancer is a kind of disease growing so fast so if the deployment goes significantly, palliative treatments are the answers. They help to ease the pain, handle breathing problems, and other symptoms of cancer that could decrease the quality and time of your life.

  • Radiation Therapy
X-rays in high energy capacity are used by radiation therapy to kill cancer cells. A radiation oncologist is the professional who have deep knowledge about giving radiation therapy. Radiation therapy comes in several types but the familiar type is called external-beam radiation. This method uses a machine placed outside the body. Radiation therapy is a treatment that only given once. It needs time; meaning patients should have a schedule to follow in order to get several treatments in certain period of time. Surely radiation therapy gives side effects that patients and their family should notice and be aware. Tiredness, upset stomach, mild skin reactions, and loose bowel movements are the instances of side effects. Usually these occur when radiation therapy is done and finished.

Peritoneal mesothelioma
For those who are suffering peritoneal mesothelioma, they will experience radiation therapy that will focus on the treatment of the entire abdomen. Still, it gives serious side effects.
Pleural mesothelioma
When this asbestos cancer attacks the lung, surgery is done and it removes one of two lungs. To minimize the chance of cancer coming back and attacking the remaining lung, radiation therapy is done. It decreases the risk of mesothelioma. For instance, radiation therapy will be offered to use when extrapleural pneumonectomy (surgery) is already done. The therapy also helps to ease symptoms in a smaller area of patients.

Mesothelioma Treatment
Mesothelioma Treatment
  • Surgery
Surgery occurs during an operation and is done to eliminate tumor. Patients with mesothelioma will experience surgery based on the location and stage of this asbestos cancer.

Peritoneal mesothelioma
Peritonectomy is a kind of surgery given to patients. It has a purpose to eliminate the lining located around the abdominal organs. However, peritoneal mesothelioma is not easy to remove since it has spread all the way through the whole abdomen. So surgery is done not to remove all of the tumors but to make sure they can be overcome as small as possible. After surgery, chemotherapy is the next thing to do, and it straightforwardly is positioned into the abdomen.

Pleural Mesothelioma
Pleurectomy is a procedure done to eliminate the cancerous lining located around the lung. However, this procedure is not really able to remove tumors wholly and entirely. So the aggressive method is done called extrapleural pneumonectomy. It is aimed to eliminate the entire lung, the lining of the lung, a portion of lining located around the heart, and a portion of diaphragm. Extraplueral pneumonectomy is categorized as a complicated surgery so doctors will only do it after reviewing many factors, such as the stage of cancer and the overall health of patient. If tumor cannot be cured and removed completely, treatments like chemotherapy or radiation therapy is suggested.

  • Chemotherapy
Peritoneal mesothelioma
After experiencing surgery, patients with this kind of cancer would receive chemotherapy that is directly put into the abdomen. Doctors also use IV chemotherapy to this cancer. The popular treatment given to attack this cancer comes from the combination of pemetrexed with carboplatin or cisplatin.

Pleural mesothelioma
The combination of pemetrexed (Alimta) and carboplatin (Paraplatin) or cisplatin (Platinol) is known as the best treatment to fight against this cancer. The treatment is given every three weeks intravenously. However, patients will experience side effects such as fatigue, damage to kidneys, vomiting, decreased hearing, or anemia. That’s why doctors will give the vitamins B12 to patients in order to minimize the side effects. These should be noticed well by those who suffer from mesothelioma.
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